Ng Moy

Ng Moy is said to have been one of the legendary Five Elders - survivors of the destruction of the Shaolin Temple by the Qing Dynasty. She is said to have been a master variously of the Shaolin martial arts, the Wudang martial arts, and Yue Fei Kuen, the family style of Yue Fei. She is also credited as the founder of the martial arts Wǔ Méi Pài (Ng Moy style), Ving Tsun Kuen, Dragon style, White Crane, and Five-Pattern Hung Kuen. She has been associated with various locations, including the Shaolin Temple in either Henan or Fujian, the Wudang Mountains in Hubei, Mount Emei in Sichuan, a supposed White Crane Temple, the Daliang Mountains on the border between Sichuan and Yunnan, and additional locations in Guangxi and Guangdong. According to one folk story, she was the daughter of a Ming general.

Ng Mui is also often named as the founder of many, many other systems, including Moy Fa Kuen (Plum Blossom Boxing), Lung Ying Kuen (Dragon Shape Boxing), Chu Ga Tong Long (Chu Family Mantis), Gao Kuen (Dog Boxing), Bak Hok Kuen (White Crane Boxing), Ng Moy Pai (Five Plums Boxing), and Ving Tsun Kuen (Praise Spring Boxing). Also, variations of the stories exist where she is case as a Shaolin nun from Fujian rather than Henan, or as a Taoist from Hebei’s Wudangshan.